The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located within the east of the Indian mainland geographically, float in splendid isolation within the Bay of Bengal. Once a hill range extending from Myanmar to Indonesia, these picturesque undulating islands, islets numbering around 836, are covered with dense rain-fed, damp and evergreen forests and endless sorts of exotic flora and fauna.
Most of those islands (about 550) are within the Andaman Group, 28 of which are inhabited. The smaller Nicobars, comprise some 22 main islands (10 inhabited). The Andaman and Nicobars are separated by the Ten Degree Channel which is 150 Kms. wide.
These islands also boast of freedom fighting days’ historically significant landmarks viz. Cellular Jail, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Island, Viper Island, Hopetown and Mount Harriet. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are declared as two of the 218 endemic bird area of the planet .
As many as 270 species and sub-species of birds are reported existing in these islands, 106 of them being endemic. The Andaman ringdove , Andaman Padauk and Dugong are declared as State Bird, State Tree and State Animal respectively.
There are about 96 Wildlife Sanctuaries, nine National Parks and one Biosphere Reserve within the islands. These islands are blessed the bounties of both south-west and north-east monsoons.
The islands have a tropical climate. The South-west Monsoon sets in islands towards the top of May and therefore the North-east Monsoon in November. there’s no fury of hot summer, no chilling winter, no water clogging or traffic jams.
For those that want to enjoy boating, swimming, snorkeling, sightseeing all 12 months is season.
North Indians find relief from burning heat and chilling winter if they visit the island from May/June/July and in December/January. Season for nature lovers is May to December when forest is lush green and waterfalls are at their prime.
Divers can enjoy the simplest during December to April and bird watchers during winter times.
The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are inhabited for several thousand years, at the very least.
the sooner archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years; however, the indications from genetic, cultural and linguistic isolation studies point to habitation going back 30,000 – 60,000 years, well into the center Palaeolithic. within the Islands, the varied Andamanese people maintained their separated existence through the overwhelming majority of this point , diversifying into distinct linguistic, cultural and territorial groups.
By the 1850s once they first came into sustained contact by outside groups, the indigenous people of Andamans were: the good Andamanese, who collectively represented a minimum of 10 distinct sub groups and languages; the Jarawa: the jungle (or Rutland Jarawa); the Onge; and therefore the Sentinelese (the most isolated of all the groups).
The indigenous peoples of the Nicobars (unrelated to the Andamanese) have a similarly isolated and lengthy association with the islands. There are two main groups: the Nicobarese, or Nicobari living throughout many of the islands; and therefore the Shompen, restricted to the inside of Great Nicobar.
Normal rainfall at Port Blair : 3900 mm
Mean Minimum Temperature : 23.2° C
MeanMaximumTemperature : 25° C
Meanrelative Humidity : 80 %
Port Blair is that the capital of the Union Territory is Port Blair is that the gateway to the pristine islands. Port Blair, an Island town offering water-based activities like snorkeling, skin diving , sea-cruises, and glimpses of the history and culture of the region. The Aberdeen Bazaar forms the centre of the town.
its features a moderate temperature during the year within the range of 23°C to 31°C. it’s a tropical climate. There are not any severe climate conditions apart from tropical storms and rains in late summers and monsoons.
Summers (March to May) are warm but pleasant with breeze and have humidity level about 80%. it’s suitable for all types of tourist activities.
Monsoon season is additionally recommended for visit to Andaman & Nicobar Islands as tourist can have more options both indoors and outdoors. there’s no water clogging or traffic jams.
the luxurious green vegetation and scenic great thing about the islands are more predominant in monsoon. Monsoons (May to August) and Post Monsoons (September to November) accompany medium to heavy rain falls.
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